In this new version of the craft the cylinder was replaced with a triangular prism with rounded edges.It tapered gently toward one end, where the crew cabin—now permanently attached to the vehicle—was located, while a single orbital maneuvering engine and small thrusters were placed at the other wider end.The aft end also sported two small winglets, which were folded up during launch and in orbit, but descended to give the MTKVP (in combination with its body shape, which was aerodynamic at hypersonic speeds) a bit of controllability.All told it had about 300 kilometers of cross-range capability, which in usefulness was its major negative compared to the American Space Shuttle.Schematic views of the MTKVP as first originally proposed (above) and as redesigned (below) in the first attempt to satisfy the Soviet military’s desire for a Space Shuttle analog.Image ©Mark Wade of astronautix.com, used with permission. w=584" class="size-full wp-image-698" title="mtkvp" src="https://falsesteps.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/mtkvp1.jpg? w=584" alt="mtkvp" srcset="https://falsesteps.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/mtkvp1.jpg? w=584 584w, https://falsesteps.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/mtkvp1.jpg? w=150 150w, https://falsesteps.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/mtkvp1.jpg? w=300 300w, https://falsesteps.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/mtkvp1670w" sizes="(max-width: 584px) 100vw, 584px" /Schematic views of the MTKVP as first originally proposed (above) and as redesigned (below) in the first attempt to satisfy the Soviet military’s desire for a Space Shuttle analog.The key difference he wanted was a big rocket booster that he could also use for Moon projects.Accordingly, what he supported was an effort to develop a reusable transporter without engines.
" data-medium-file="https://falsesteps.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/mtkvp1.jpg? For much more detailed (but unfortunately not free) images, visit What happened to make it fail: The Soviet leadership—even Dmitri Ustinov, who had been one of his main supporters in his push to take over Ts KBEM and transform it into NPO Energiya— made it abundantly clear to Glushko that they were not going to give him his Moon base, and that furthermore that they would not accept anything less than a close copy of the Space Shuttle.The psychology of the second part of this decision is interesting.What it was: A fairly sophisticated 1973-76 attempt to square the circle between the ballistic capsules favoured by Russian spacecraft designers and the Space Shuttle analog being demanded of them by the Soviet military.It would have been an elongated lifting body with a rounded triangular cross-section and small folding tail stabilizers.